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Thursday
Nov302017

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act: Trust & Estate Planning Considerations

Gift Tax, Trusts & Estate Planning Attorney

 

by Kira S. Masteller
818.907.3244

 

 

This week was supposed to be the week Republicans passed a tax bill. It’s unclear what exactly will happen in the immediate future, or if we’ll have to wait for the New Year to see any type of tax reform. If or when we do get tax reform, the new law under the current Administration will be called the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

Income Tax Reform 2017So how will this affect estate planning?

If either the U.S. Senate or House manage to pass their respective bills (both branches of Congress will need to sign off on one, cohesive plan), we could see big changes in the future.

Here’s a look at how potential tax reforms could affect individuals and married couples under each Congressional proposal.

 

Regarding Income Taxes

 

a.) Tax Brackets

HOUSE: Raises individual tax rates, but cuts tax brackets from seven to four. The new brackets would be changed to 12, 25, 35 and 39.6 percent.

SENATE: Keeps the current seven individual tax brackets, but lowers the rates for some of these. The revised rates will be 10 (same as current), 12, 22, 24, 32, 35 (same as current) and 38.5 percent.

b.) Standard Deductions

HOUSE & SENATE: The House and the Senate envision raising the standard deduction from the current $6,350 (single)/$12,700 (married) to $12,000/$24,000. One difference between the proposals is for the Head of Household deduction, currently capped at $9,500. The House plan raises this amount to $18,300, while the Senate plan raises it to $18,000.

c.) AMT

HOUSE & SENATE: Each chamber decided to repeal the Alternative Minimum Tax, which basically ensures the wealthier filers pay a minimum amount of tax no matter how many deductions they take.

d.) SALT

HOUSE: House Representatives plan to repeal the State and Local Tax Deduction (specifically income and sales tax deductions), and sets a cap on property tax deductions at $10,000.

SENATE: The Senate’s plan aims for a full repeal of this deduction.

e.) Pass-through Income

HOUSE: Income “passing through” sole proprietorships, partnerships, S-Corporations, etc., and currently taxed at individual income tax rates, will be taxed at 9 percent on the first $75,000 earned, and capped at 25 percent maximum. The current maximum rate is 39.6 percent. Certain personal service providers (law, accounting, brokerages, performing arts, etc.) would not be eligible for the lowered rates under this plan.

SENATE: In contrast, the Senate plan offers a 17.5 percent deduction rather than a lowered tax rate.

f.) Child Tax Credit

HOUSE: The Representatives’ plan raises this credit to $1,600, plus a $300 credit for each parent and dependent who is NOT a child. The child tax credit goes away for married couples making $230,000 or more per year.

SENATE: The credits are slightly higher at $2,000, plus a $500 credit for each dependent child. It is phased out for married couples earning $500,000 or more annually.

 

Regarding Estate Tax

 

HOUSE & SENATE: Currently, there is a 40 percent tax levied on assets valued at over $5.49 million, per individual. Both the branches of Congress would double the basic exclusion. However, the House of Representatives included plans to repeal the tax after 2024, while the Senate will not repeal estate taxes.

 

Regarding Charitable Gifts Tax

 

HOUSE & SENATE: Certain tax reforms such as the significant rise in standard deductions and a possible repeal of estate taxes, could have negative consequences for nonprofits. If more taxpayers choose the standard deduction rather than itemizing their returns for example, there will be less incentive to give to charity.

 

We anticipate there will be considerable “chopping” to both proposals with a compromise that leaves us with most of the proposed items for individuals intact, but potentially revised timelines for repeal rules. Stay tuned, as we will summarize the final reform tax bill when passed.

Kira S. Masteller is a Shareholder in our Trusts & Estate Planning Practice Group. 

Disclaimer:
This Blog/Web Site is made available by the lawyer or law firm publisher for educational purposes only, to provide general information and a general understanding of the law, not to provide specific legal advice. By using this blog site you understand there is no attorney client relationship between you and the Blog/Web Site publisher. The Blog/Web Site should not be used as a substitute for obtaining legal advice from a licensed professional attorney in your state.

Monday
Nov272017

The Tax Reform Bills: Home Ownership, Purchases & Sales

Tax Law Certified SpecialistCalifornia Bar Certified Specialist in Tax Law

by Michael Hackman

818.907.3279

 

Congressional efforts to enact tax reform are now in the home stretch. While there is no assurance that any legislation will be enacted, or what the form of a final bill would look like, it is likely that something will pass and be signed by the President. And it is almost certain that some of the basic rules with respect to taxation of home ownership will change.

Through the years, the Government has tried to use tax policy to encourage home ownership. First time buyers would weigh the deductible costs of owning a home with the costs of non-deductible rent. That all may change.

The Administration is dead set on reducing taxes on corporations and owners of pass through entities to 20 percent or something very close to it, and among other things is financing those reductions with reduction or elimination of most itemized personal deductions.

Changes with Respect to the Home You Own

Currently, homeowners can deduct their property tax. The House bill would allow a deduction for property taxes, but only up to $10,000. The proposed legislation in the Senate would eliminate deductions for all state and local taxes, including property taxes.

There would be no new limitations on deductions for existing home mortgage interest (presently limited to interest on $1 million of mortgage indebtedness plus another $100,000 of home equity indebtedness). However, under the Senate legislation, the category of home equity indebtedness would be eliminated.

If You Want to Purchase a Home

The limitations discussed above on property taxes would be in effect. For example, if you purchase a California home for about $800,000 you would have property taxes above $10,000 and could not deduct the excess (this assumes that there is no exemption you can qualify for).

If the House bill passes, you could only deduct interest on a loan of $500,000 to assist you in purchasing the home. The present Senate discussions would maintain the $1 million limit.

If You Want to Sell Your House

Because of the limits discussed above, your pool of buyers may be substantially reduced. The number of interested buyers would be necessarily reduced by of the deduction limits.

The ability to avoid some tax on a home sale would be substantially curtailed. In addition, under present law the first $250,000 ($500,000 for most married taxpayers) of the gain on sale of a home was not taxed, so long as you had lived in and owned the home for two years (out of the last five). The House bill and the legislation in the Senate would increase that to five years (out of the last eight).

Taxes on sales of houses would remain subject to capital gains taxes. The 3.8 percent “Obamacare” tax on certain investment income would also apply. The 3.8 percent tax would have been eliminated (though not necessarily immediately) in the proposed healthcare legislation, but those proposals did not pass.

The Future

This legislation may not pass before year-end. But the Trump administration is pining for a significant legislative victory and should continue to pursue tax changes next year, and home ownership will again be a convenient target.

 

Michael Hackman is the Chair of both our Tax, and Trust & Estate Planning Practice Groups.

Disclaimer:
This Blog/Web Site is made available by the lawyer or law firm publisher for educational purposes only, to provide general information and a general understanding of the law, not to provide specific legal advice. By using this blog site you understand there is no attorney client relationship between you and the Blog/Web Site publisher. The Blog/Web Site should not be used as a substitute for obtaining legal advice from a licensed professional attorney in your state.

 

LEWITT HACKMAN | 16633 Ventura Boulevard, Eleventh Floor, Encino, California 91436-1865 | 818.990.2120